Other relevant keywords: Art, Bifurcation, Contingency, Creativity, Explosion, Film, Freedom, Thinking Yuri Lotman (1922 – 1993) Yuri Mikhailovich Lotman was the most significant and influential Soviet structuralist, semiotician, and literary thinker. He was the founder of the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School and a professor at the University of Tartu (Estonia) from 1954 to 1993. Originally a specialist in the literature ..
Other relevant keywords: Form, Phenomenology, Literature, Film, Symbol, the Absurd, History of philosophy Merab Mamardashvili (1930-1990) Merab Konstantinovich Mamardashvili was born in the Georgian city of Gori, known mainly as the birthplace of Joseph Stalin, but spent much of his career as philosopher in Moscow. Between 1966 and his death in 1990, he taught and worked ..
Other relevant keywords: Fuzziness, Meditation, Nothing, Potentiality Vasily Nalimov (1910-1997) Vasily Vasilievich Nalimov represents a very particular branch of philosophical neo-rationalism that relies on probabilistic methods in the natural and social sciences and applies them to the study of language and consciousness. Trained in sciences, Nalimov was a professor of statistics and headed Moscow ..
Platonism-Marxism The combination of Platonism and Marxism in totalitarian practices and theories of the twentieth century; the philosophical basis of Soviet-style state ideocracy. According to Alfred North Whitehead, “European philosophy is a series of footnotes to Plato” (39). In this case, Russian thought must be viewed as an important part of the Western philosophical heritage, ..
Other relevant keywords: Dostoevsky, Phenomenology, Russian literature, Visual Studies Valery Podoroga (b. 1946) Valery Aleksandrovich Podoroga is a Moscow-based philosopher known primarily as the figurehead behind analytic anthropology, a method of philosophical and textual analysis that relies on the act of involution (or turning back upon oneself) to trace the relationships between texts (cultural, ..
Other relevant keywords: Existentialism, Narod (people), Tragedy, Zen Grigory Pomerants (1918–2013) Of all late-Soviet and post-Soviet Russian thinkers, Grigory Solomonovich Pomerants was the most persistently engaged in social debates about the value of personality and about the threats posed by totalitarian and post-totalitarian society. Pomerants was a philosopher and Orientalist by education. He graduated from ..
Transculture, transculturalism Transculture (transkul’tura) comes from the Latin “trans,” meaning “beyond”; a trans-cultural realm beyond any national, gender, or professional culture; a mode of being, located at the crossroads of cultures. The concept of transculture responds to the limitations of some contemporary theoretical models of culture. It is different from the understanding of the global system ..
“Unofficial Thoughts” by Yakov Druskin January 29, 1948 Unofficial thoughts are thoughts not of reason, or even not founded in reason; and yet, certain thoughts of this kind are some of the most intelligent. This is something that Tolstoy never understood. Reason is official. Unofficial thoughts are fruitless, in the sense that they ..