Other relevant keywords: border, pessimism Boris Khazanov (b. 1928) Boris Khazanov (a pseudonym of Gennady Faibusovich), a writer and an essayist, is one of the most significant representatives of Russian–Jewish philosophical personalism. Born in Leningrad, he was educated in classical philology at Moscow State University and was arrested in 1949 for “anti-Soviet” activity. Upon ..
Other relevant keywords: Atheism, Emigration, Political Philosophy, Solovyov Alexandre Kojève (1902-1968) Born Aleksandr Kozhevnikov to a wealthy family of industrialists in Moscow, Alexandre Kojève garnered acclaim as a philosopher only after his emigration to Western Europe in 1920. His lectures on Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit, held at the École pratique des hautes études in ..
Other relevant keywords: Antinomy, Eidos, Essence, Name, Person, Symbol Aleksei Losev (1893 – 1988) A “philosopher of name, number, and myth,” in his own words, Aleksei Fyodorovich Losev is an outstanding Russian thinker, philologist, classicist, translator, commentator, and writer (qtd. Takho-Godi, “Losev – filosofiia imeni, chisla, mifa”). The scope of his interests includes philosophy, philology, aesthetics, religion, ..
Other relevant keywords: Art, Bifurcation, Contingency, Creativity, Explosion, Film, Freedom, Thinking Yuri Lotman (1922 – 1993) Yuri Mikhailovich Lotman was the most significant and influential Soviet structuralist, semiotician, and literary thinker. He was the founder of the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School and a professor at the University of Tartu (Estonia) from 1954 to 1993. Originally a specialist in the literature ..
Other relevant keywords: Form, Phenomenology, Literature, Film, Symbol, the Absurd, History of philosophy Merab Mamardashvili (1930-1990) Merab Konstantinovich Mamardashvili was born in the Georgian city of Gori, known mainly as the birthplace of Joseph Stalin, but spent much of his career as philosopher in Moscow. Between 1966 and his death in 1990, he taught and worked ..
Other relevant keywords: Atheism, Apologetics, Rationality, Solovyov Aleksandr Men (1935–1990) Aleksandr Men was the most prominent Russian Christian Orthodox thinker of the 1970–80s. He was baptized along with his mother into the Orthodox Church by a priest who was a member of the Russian Catacomb Church—often called the “Russian True Orthodox Church,” and which ..
Other relevant keywords: Fuzziness, Meditation, Nothing, Potentiality Vasily Nalimov (1910-1997) Vasily Vasilievich Nalimov represents a very particular branch of philosophical neo-rationalism that relies on probabilistic methods in the natural and social sciences and applies them to the study of language and consciousness. Trained in sciences, Nalimov was a professor of statistics and headed Moscow ..
Other relevant keywords: Epistemology, German Idealism, Historiography, Pluralism Teodor Oizerman (1914–2017) From the late 1930s to the mid-2010s, Teodor Ilyich Oizerman was a witness to and actor in many significant events in Soviet and post-Soviet philosophical culture, as well as—because of his travels abroad and participation in international forums beginning in the 1970s—its face ..
Platonism-Marxism The combination of Platonism and Marxism in totalitarian practices and theories of the twentieth century; the philosophical basis of Soviet-style state ideocracy. According to Alfred North Whitehead, “European philosophy is a series of footnotes to Plato” (39). In this case, Russian thought must be viewed as an important part of the Western philosophical heritage, ..
Other relevant keywords: Dostoevsky, Phenomenology, Russian literature, Visual Studies Valery Podoroga (1946-2020) Valery Aleksandrovich Podoroga was a Moscow-based philosopher known primarily as the figurehead behind analytic anthropology, a method of philosophical and textual analysis that relies on the act of involution (or turning back upon oneself) to trace the relationships between texts (cultural, literary, ..