Other relevant keywords: Form, Phenomenology, Literature, Film, Symbol, the Absurd, History of philosophy Merab Mamardashvili (1930-1990) Merab Konstantinovich Mamardashvili was born in the Georgian city of Gori, known mainly as the birthplace of Joseph Stalin, but spent much of his career as philosopher in Moscow. Between 1966 and his death in 1990, he taught and worked ..
Other relevant keywords: Atheism, Apologetics, Rationality, Solovyov Aleksandr Men (1935–1990) Aleksandr Men was the most prominent Russian Christian Orthodox thinker of the 1970–80s. He was baptized along with his mother into the Orthodox Church by a priest who was a member of the Russian Catacomb Church—often called the “Russian True Orthodox Church,” and which ..
Other relevant keywords: Fuzziness, Meditation, Nothing, Potentiality Vasily Nalimov (1910-1997) Vasily Vasilievich Nalimov represents a very particular branch of philosophical neo-rationalism that relies on probabilistic methods in the natural and social sciences and applies them to the study of language and consciousness. Trained in sciences, Nalimov was a professor of statistics and headed Moscow ..
Other relevant keywords: Epistemology, German Idealism, Historiography, Pluralism Teodor Oizerman (1914–2017) From the late 1930s to the mid-2010s, Teodor Ilyich Oizerman was a witness to and actor in many significant events in Soviet and post-Soviet philosophical culture, as well as—because of his travels abroad and participation in international forums beginning in the 1970s—its face ..
Platonism-Marxism The combination of Platonism and Marxism in totalitarian practices and theories of the twentieth century; the philosophical basis of Soviet-style state ideocracy. According to Alfred North Whitehead, “European philosophy is a series of footnotes to Plato” (39). In this case, Russian thought must be viewed as an important part of the Western philosophical heritage, ..
Other relevant keywords: Dostoevsky, Phenomenology, Russian literature, Visual Studies Valery Podoroga (1946-2020) Valery Aleksandrovich Podoroga was a Moscow-based philosopher known primarily as the figurehead behind analytic anthropology, a method of philosophical and textual analysis that relies on the act of involution (or turning back upon oneself) to trace the relationships between texts (cultural, literary, ..
Other relevant keywords: Existentialism, Narod (people), Tragedy, Zen Grigory Pomerants (1918–2013) Of all late-Soviet and post-Soviet Russian thinkers, Grigory Solomonovich Pomerants was the most persistently engaged in social debates about the value of personality and about the threats posed by totalitarian and post-totalitarian society. Pomerants was a philosopher and Orientalist by education. He graduated from ..
Other relevant keywords: Active Evolution; Anthropocosmism; Biosophere; Cosmism; Nikolai Fedorov; Salvation Svetlana Semenova (1941–2014) Svetlana Grigoryevna Semenova was the best-known and most influential figure among late- and post-Soviet cosmists, the first postwar thinker to popularize the teaching of Nikolai Fedorov (1828–1903). She graduated from the Romano-Germanic Faculty of Moscow State University in 1964 as a ..
Other relevant keywords: Aphorisms, Chorus, Christianity, Russian Language, Rozanov, Sexuality, Sots Art, Theatricality Andrei Sinyavsky (Abram Tertz) (1925 – 1997) If a complete history of Russian postmodernism is ever written, then Andrei Sinyavsky (1925–1997), who published some of his most seminal works under the pen-name Abram Tertz, will definitely stand as one of its ..
Other relevant keywords: Faith, Marxism, Russian Orthodoxy, Slavophiles, the West Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1918–2008) Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is among the few Russian intellectuals whose names are known equally well in the West as in Russia. In July 1945, after serving on the front with the Red Army and receiving two military decorations, Solzhenitsyn was sentenced to ..