Other relevant keywords: Interpretation, Orthodoxy, Philology, Secularism, Symbol, Wisdom Sergei Averintsev (1937–2004) Sergei Sergeevich Averintsev was an outstanding Russian cultural scholar who made essential contributions to many fields of the humanities, including philology, philosophy, theology, literary studies, and intellectual history. From 1971-1991, he was a senior researcher at the Gorky Institute of World Literature ..
Other relevant keywords: Emigration, Existentialism, Hope, Psychology, Secularism, Self-knowledge Anthony Bloom (Metropolitan Anthony of Sourozh) (1914–2003) Expatriate theology made an important contribution to Russian intellectual history of the second half of the twentieth century, in that it demonstrated that Orthodoxy is not an outdated and purely formal system of dogma. Indeed, Orthodoxy has been subject ..
Cosmism In Russian philosophical discussions of the 1970s–80s, cosmism emerged as one of the most influential trends. It has come to designate not only a particular movement, but an overarching property and legacy of Russian philosophy as a whole. Cosmism literally means a “cosmic orientation” of thought, not only because the cosmos is the object ..
Other relevant keywords: Sin, Choice, Personality, Loneliness, Music Yakov Druskin (1902-1980) Yakov Semenovich Druskin was the longest-living member of the informal avant-garde literary-intellectual group called the Chinari (the “titled ones,” or “rankists”). In the late 1920s and early 1930s, the Chinari included poets Daniil Kharms and Alexander Vvedensky and the philosopher Leonid Lipavsky, all ..
Other relevant keywords: aesthetics, German philosophy, Russian philosophy Arseny Gulyga (1921-1996) Arseny Vladimirovich Gulyga is one of a few Soviet philosophers known not only in the Soviet Union, but also abroad. He specialized in the history of philosophy and composed a number of philosophical portraits in the genre of intellectual biography, including on Hegel (1970), ..
Other relevant keywords: Existentialism, Hermeneutics, Phenomenology Sergey Horujy (1941-2020) Sergey Sergeevich Horujy was a Soviet and Russian theoretical physicist and mathematician, researcher of the Eastern Christian ascetic tradition of Hesychasm and of Russian philosophy, translator and commentator of James Joyce’s work, and one of the most prominent Russian philosophers of the contemporary period. He ..
Other relevant keywords: Inequity, Solovyov Anatolii Krasnov-Levitin (1915–1991) Anatolii Emmanuilovich Krasnov-Levitin was probably the most outspoken proponent of Christian socialism in the late USSR. Born in Baku, Azerbaijan, his original surname was Levitin and he signed some of his works with the pseudonym “Krasnov,” from the Russian word krasnyi, “red.” (His name also appears ..
Other relevant keywords: Atheism, Apologetics, Rationality, Solovyov Aleksandr Men (1935–1990) Aleksandr Men was the most prominent Russian Christian Orthodox thinker of the 1970–80s. He was baptized along with his mother into the Orthodox Church by a priest who was a member of the Russian Catacomb Church—often called the “Russian True Orthodox Church,” and which ..
Other relevant keywords: Existentialism, Narod (people), Tragedy, Zen Grigory Pomerants (1918–2013) Of all late-Soviet and post-Soviet Russian thinkers, Grigory Solomonovich Pomerants was the most persistently engaged in social debates about the value of personality and about the threats posed by totalitarian and post-totalitarian society. Pomerants was a philosopher and Orientalist by education. He graduated from ..
Other relevant keywords: Active Evolution; Anthropocosmism; Biosophere; Cosmism; Nikolai Fedorov; Salvation Svetlana Semenova (1941–2014) Svetlana Grigoryevna Semenova was the best-known and most influential figure among late- and post-Soviet cosmists, the first postwar thinker to popularize the teaching of Nikolai Fedorov (1828–1903). She graduated from the Romano-Germanic Faculty of Moscow State University in 1964 as a ..