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Ambiutopia, ambiutopianism From the Greek “amphi,” meaning “around,” or “on both sides.” The combination of utopianism and anti-utopianism (dystopianism); a controversial, ambivalent attitude towards the future. Utopianism and anti-utopianism share common features: heightened sensitivity to the future; intensity of aspirations, anticipations, and apprehensions; and utterly enthusiastic or suspicious attitudes to any novelties and innovations. Inherent ..

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Other relevant keywords: Aesthetics; Literature   Valentin Asmus (1894–1975) Valentin Ferdinandovich Asmus was a philosopher, historian of philosophy, and teacher who played an important role in the development of Russian philosophy of the twentieth century. He specialized in the history of philosophy, logic, and aesthetics and was also a literary critic. He is the author ..

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Other relevant keywords: Interpretation, Orthodoxy, Philology, Secularism, Symbol, Wisdom   Sergei Averintsev (1937 – 2004) Sergei Sergeevich Averintsev was an outstanding Russian cultural scholar who made essential contributions to many fields of the humanities, including philology, philosophy, theology, literary studies, and intellectual history. From 1971-1991, he was a senior researcher at the Gorky Institute of ..

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Other relevant keywords: Culture, Culturology, Communication, Ethics, Great Time, Grotesque, Kant, Laughter, Pluralism, Unity, Word   Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975) Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin, Russian philosopher of language and phenomenologist of culture, has three lives. The first is his obscure lived biography as a student of the classics, autodidact, invalid, political exile, and eventually professor of literature ..

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Other relevant keywords: Poetics, Science, Transduction, Hegel, Ontology, Rationalism   Vladimir Bibler (1918-2000) Vladimir Solomonovich Bibler (1918-2000) was an outstanding philosopher of culture and intellectual history. Trained as a historian, he held the vocation of philosopher and founded a school of dialogue of cultures that attracted many followers from a variety of humanistic disciplines. He worked ..

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Other relevant keywords: Emigration, Existentialism, Hope, Psychology, Secularism, Self-knowledge   Anthony Bloom (Metropolitan Anthony of Sourozh) (1914–2003) Expatriate theology made an important contribution to Russian intellectual history of the second half of the twentieth century, in that it demonstrated that Orthodoxy is not an outdated and purely formal system of dogma. Indeed, Orthodoxy has been subject ..

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Cosmism In Russian philosophical discussions of the 1970s–80s, cosmism emerged as one of the most influential trends. It has come to designate not only a particular movement, but an overarching property and legacy of Russian philosophy as a whole. Cosmism literally means a “cosmic orientation” of thought, not only because the cosmos is the object ..

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Culturonics (kul’turonika) Humanistic technology; constructive and inventive activity in the field of culture; the transformation of culture as the result of its scholarly studies. The term “culturonics” uses the same Greek suffix –onic, as in the names of such practical disciplines as “electronics,” “bionics,” and “avionics.” Culturonics is a practical superstructure over the sciences of culture, an ..

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Other relevant keywords: Sin, Choice, Personality, Loneliness, Music   Yakov Druskin (1902-1980) Yakov Semenovich Druskin was the longest-living member of the informal avant-garde literary-intellectual group called the Chinari (the “titled ones,” or “rankists”). In the late 1920s and early 1930s, the Chinari included poets Daniil Kharms and Alexander Vvedensky and the philosopher Leonid Lipavsky, all ..

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