Ambiutopia, ambiutopianism From the Greek “amphi,” meaning “around,” or “on both sides.” The combination of utopianism and anti-utopianism (dystopianism); a controversial, ambivalent attitude towards the future. Utopianism and anti-utopianism share common features: heightened sensitivity to the future; intensity of aspirations, anticipations, and apprehensions; and utterly enthusiastic or suspicious attitudes to any novelties and innovations. Inherent ..
Other relevant keywords: Aesthetics, Literature Valentin Asmus (1894–1975) Valentin Ferdinandovich Asmus was a philosopher, historian of philosophy, and teacher who played an important role in the development of Russian philosophy of the twentieth century. He specialized in the history of philosophy, logic, and aesthetics and was also a literary critic. He is the author ..
Other relevant keywords: Interpretation, Orthodoxy, Philology, Secularism, Symbol, Wisdom Sergei Averintsev (1937 – 2004) Sergei Sergeevich Averintsev was an outstanding Russian cultural scholar who made essential contributions to many fields of the humanities, including philology, philosophy, theology, literary studies, and intellectual history. From 1971-1991, he was a senior researcher at the Gorky Institute of ..
Other relevant keywords: Culture, Culturology, Communication, Ethics, Great Time, Grotesque, Kant, Laughter, Pluralism, Unity, Word Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975) Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin, Russian philosopher of language and phenomenologist of culture, has three lives. The first is his obscure lived biography as a student of the classics, autodidact, invalid, political exile, and eventually professor of literature ..
Other relevant keywords: Poetics, Science, Transduction, Hegel, Ontology, Rationalism Vladimir Bibler (1918-2000) Vladimir Solomonovich Bibler (1918-2000) was an outstanding philosopher of culture and intellectual history. Trained as a historian, he held the vocation of philosopher and founded a school of dialogue of cultures that attracted many followers from a variety of humanistic disciplines. He worked ..
Culturonics (kul’turonika) Humanistic technology; constructive and inventive activity in the field of culture; the transformation of culture as the result of its scholarly studies. The term “culturonics” uses the same Greek suffix –onic, as in the names of such practical disciplines as “electronics,” “bionics,” and “avionics.” Culturonics is a practical superstructure over the sciences of culture, an ..
Other relevant keywords: Sin, Choice, Personality, Loneliness, Music Yakov Druskin (1902-1980) Yakov Semenovich Druskin was the longest-living member of the informal avant-garde literary-intellectual group called the Chinari (the “titled ones,” or “rankists”). In the late 1920s and early 1930s, the Chinari included poets Daniil Kharms and Alexander Vvedensky and the philosopher Leonid Lipavsky, all ..
Other relevant keywords: Creativity, Dialectics, Ecology, Rationalism, Worldviews Piama Gaidenko (b. 1934) Piama Pavlovna Gaidenko has been a leading historian of West-European and Russian philosophy and intellectual history since the Khrushchev era. Her work bridges the Soviet/post-Soviet divide, displaying a consistent quality through her keen and attentive understanding of both individual texts, with a ..
Other relevant keywords: aesthetics, German philosophy, Russian philosophy Arseny Gulyga (1921-1996) Arseny Vladimirovich Gulyga is one of a few olovoviet philosophers known not only in the Soviet Union, but also abroad. He specialized in the history of philosophy and composed a number of philosophical portraits in the genre of intellectual biography, including on Hegel (1970), ..
Other relevant keywords: Antinomy, Eidos, Essence, Name, Person, Symbol Aleksei Losev (1893 – 1988) A “philosopher of name, number, and myth,” in his own words, Aleksei Fyodorovich Losev is an outstanding Russian thinker, philologist, classicist, translator, commentator, and writer (qtd. Takho-Godi, “Losev – filosofiia imeni, chisla, mifa”). The scope of his interests includes philosophy, philology, aesthetics, religion, ..